Great Indian Leaders
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi | Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi or Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the most eminent Indian leader and played a major role in India’s freedom struggle during the British rule. He led India to independence through his unique movement of non-violence which forced the British to leave India.
Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 in Porbandar, a coastal town of Gujarat. He was married to Kasturbai Makhanji (known later as Kasturba Gandhi) at a very early age of 13 years. After completing his schooling from his home town, Gandhi Jee went to London to attain a degree in Law. In his early years, he fought for civil rights of Hindu and Muslim Indians in South Africa. He returned to India in 1915 and then began his movement for India’s freedom.
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Subhash Chandra Bose
Subhas Chandra Bose, popularly known as Netaji, was an aggressive nationalist and his style of movement against the British was quite in contrast to the non-violent approach of Mahatma Gandhi and the conservative approach of the Indian National Congress.
He was put under house arrest by the British. In 1941 he escaped from India and approached the Axis powers to help him in his fight for India's independence. The Japanese supported him in organizing the Indian soldiers of the British Indian army who were under their captivity – and thus the first Indian National Army was born. His disappearance or death is still a mystery.
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Jawaharlal Nehru was popularly known as Panditji. He obtained his law degree from England and after returning to India in 1912 he practiced law for some years. He joined the Indian National Congress in 1919 and played a major role in the fight for greater autonomy from the British. He was a strong advocator of socialism and a democratic approach for India’s Independence movement. He was greatly influenced by Mahatma Gandhi and played a central role in negotiating with the British for India’s independence.
In 1928, he became the president of the Indian National Congress, and on 15 August 1947, Nehru Jee became the first prime minister of independent India. He held the post until his death in 1964. He implemented moderate socialist economic reforms and committed India to a policy of industrialization.
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